[[1]]Galerius' full name(ILS, 637); such variations, however, as Gaius Valerius Maximianus (CIL, 11.3702ILS, 8933), Galerius Valerius Maximianus(ILS, 630,633, 636, 638, 643, 654, 657, 660, 663, 5820, 6184; AE, 1957, #153), Galerius Maximianus(ILS, 653), or Juppiter Caesar(ILS, 8931) appear on inscriptions.

For a listing of sources on Galerius' background, family life, and the dating of his appointment as Caesar, see A.H.M. Jones, J.R. Martindale, and J. Morris, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, (Cambridge, 1971), s.v. "C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus 9" 1.574, and T.D. Barnes, New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine, (Cambridge, 1982), 4, 37ff, and Michael DiMaio, Zonaras' Account of the Neo-Flavian Emperors, (Ph.D. diss., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1977), 98, n. 17.

[[2]]For a reconstruction of Galerius' reign, see Barnes, Constantine and Eusebius (Cambridge, 1981), 16ff, Wm. Ennslin, RE 14, s.v. "Maximianus (2)," col. 2519.47ff, and idem, RE 7, s.v. "Valerius (Diocletianus) (142)," col. 2439.22ff.

For a listing of the chronology of Galerius' reign and the sources that treat it, see Barnes, New Empire, 61ff, and Dietmar Kienast, Römische Kaisertabelle, (Darmstadt, 1990), 279ff.

For detailed commentary on Galerius' campaigns as Caesar and Augustus, see I. König, Origo Constantini: Anonymus Valesianus, (Trier, 1987), 59ff

[[3]]The "Great Persecution" and Galerius' role in it is discussed by Barnes, Constantine and Eusebius, 17ff, Wm Ensslin, RE 7, col.2484.47ff, and B.J. Kidd, A History of the Church to A.D. 461,(Oxford, 1922), 1.515ff

[[4]]The rise of Constantius and Galerius to the rank of Augustus is discussed, for example, by Barnes, Constantine and Eusebius, 29ff.

[[5]]The chronology and campaigns of Galerius' reign: supra, n. 2.

For a discussion of the death of Constantius and the sources that treat it, see DiMaio, 96ff.

Severus' campaign against Maxentius is discussed by Barnes, Constantine and Eusebius,, 30ff, E. Groag, RE 14, s.v. "Maxentius," col. 2426.6ff, and by W. Ensslin, RE 14, s.v. "Maximianus (1)," col. 2525.30ff.

[[6]]For a discussion of Galerius' invasion of Italy and the Conference at Carnuntum, see, for example, Barnes, Constantine and Eusebius, 31ff, and E Groag, RE 14, col.2430.48ff.

Herculius' Swansong: Elsewhere Arnold and I have written, " For a discussion of the various theories about Maximianus' plots against Constantine I, see W. Huss, "Das Ende des Maximianus," in Latomus, 37(1978), pp. 719ff; the best introduction to the sources which treat Herculius' last days remains Moreau's commentary on Lactantius De mortibus persecutorum(J Moreau [ed.], De la mort des persécuteurs, Paris, 1954, II, pp. 366ff.)." (Michael DiMaio and Duane Arnold, "Per Vim, Per Caedem, Per Bellum: A Study of Murder and Ecclesiastical Politics in the Year 337 A.D.," Byzantion, 62[1992], 175, n.113)

[[7]For a discussion of Galerius' death, see Ensslin, RE 14, col.2528.1ff.